In the distant past, majority of people drank water from a well. Water wells first surfaced some 10 centuries ago in the Neolithic era. Way back then, wells served as a reliable water source when surface water was not available.
Today, there are still wells in several properties. As a matter of fact, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 15% of Americans drink well water. That being said, most North American people today use water from established plumbing systems for drinking. Several people make an extra effort to have a well water filtration system installed in their home.
However, no one is really sure if modern well water is safe to drink. Also, some people say that drinking well water has its health benefits. In truth, there continues to be a debate concerning this. The following is the things people need to keep in mind:
When Is Water Safe?
People can be sure that when the water looks dirty it isn’t safe but how about if it looks clean. It is hard to tell if water is safe just by the way it looks. Except if they look through a microscope, the microorganisms and chemicals that make people sick cannot be seen. They can use water testing kits or get an expert to test their water supply. This can be expensive though and inconvenient as well.
People need to know a bit about the water purification history to fully understand the things that make water potable.
When did Water Purification Begin?
It was in the 1800s when well water was no longer supported. This was due to some factors that first revolved around the industrial revolution. People had been boiling water for centuries but advancement in technology and education let people be more aware of the way disease spread. Also, in the late 1800s, pasteurization has risen. Water could not be pasteurized but people became more aware of the possible dangers of bacteria.
Boiling water to be used was very inconvenient. So, people were looking for a new solution. The industrial era brought about rampant urbanization and communities became denser. Because of this, public water sources were more prone to bacteria and microorganisms that cause diseases. Plumbing systems became extensive with water traveling farther from the source and to the homes.
Jersey City in New Jersey was the first American community to routinely start disinfecting their public drinking water in 1908. Then, cities throughout the county followed after. By the 1930s, the rate of disease had significantly decreased. As a result, cholera and typhoid no longer existed.
Drinking well water may be beneficial to health. However, people have to see to it that it has no contaminants. Modern wells, especially the drilled ones may be less prone to contamination. Nevertheless, it is still important to test water regularly.
People should follow the guidelines of EPA. They should make sure that their wells are not built close to potential hazards. Meanwhile, older wells should be carefully tested. In case they are not sure, they should call a professional to evaluate the well, together with its history and surrounding area.